October 13, To: Essay writing As you consider writing a persuasive essay discussing the pros or cons of genetically modified food, think first of all of the stand you want to take.
Advertisement In Brief The vast majority of the research on genetically modified GM crops suggests that they are safe to eat and that they have the potential to feed millions of people worldwide who currently go hungry.
Yet not all criticisms of GM are so easily rejected, and pro-GM scientists are often dismissive and even unscientific in their rejection of the counterevidence. A careful analysis of the risks and benefits argues for expanded deployment and safety testing of GM crops.
Robert Goldberg sags into his desk chair and gestures at the air. He is expressing despair at the relentless need to confront what he sees as bogus fears over the health risks of genetically modified GM crops.
Particularly frustrating to him, he says, is that this debate should have ended decades ago, when researchers produced a stream of exonerating evidence: But now anyone in this field knows the genome is not a static environment. Inserted genes can be transformed by several different means, and it can happen generations later.
Williams concedes that he is among a tiny minority of biologists raising sharp questions about the safety of GM crops. But he says this is only because the field of plant molecular biology is protecting its interests.
Funding, much of it from the companies that sell GM seeds, heavily favors researchers who are exploring ways to further the use of genetic modification in agriculture.
He says that biologists who point out health or other risks associated with GM crops—who merely report or defend experimental findings that imply there may be risks—find themselves the focus of vicious attacks on their credibility, which leads scientists who see problems with GM foods to keep quiet.
Whether Williams is right or wrong, one thing is undeniable: Skeptics would argue that this contentiousness is a good thing—that we cannot be too cautious when tinkering with the genetic basis of the world's food supply. To researchers such as Goldberg, however, the persistence of fears about GM foods is nothing short of exasperating.
When we look carefully at the evidence for both sides and weigh the risks and benefits, we find a surprisingly clear path out of this dilemma. Benefits and worries The bulk of the science on GM safety points in one direction.
Take it from David Zilberman, a U. Berkeley agricultural and environmental economist and one of the few researchers considered credible by both agricultural chemical companies and their critics.
He argues that the benefits of GM crops greatly outweigh the health risks, which so far remain theoretical. It has raised the output of corn, cotton and soy by 20 to 30 percent, allowing some people to survive who would not have without it. If it were more widely adopted around the world, the price [of food] would go lower, and fewer people would die of hunger.
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that the world will have to grow 70 percent more food by just to keep up with population growth.
Climate change will make much of the world's arable land more difficult to farm.
Genetically modified tomatoes were then made into a tomato puree and sold in Europe in the mids, but a couple years later controversy arose over the concept of genetically modifying food. We will write a custom essay sample on Genetically Modified Foods specifically for you. Dec 10, · Pro-GMO say that GMOs have greatly increased the food supply today (“Genetically Modified Foods,” ). Crops and plants are now pest and disease resistant because of GMOs. To add to that, they are now modified to tolerate herbicides sprayed by the farmers and to survive the cold and drought (Whitman, ).Author: Margaret Rutaquio. On October 30, the Sunday NYT ran a large front-page article on the failed promises of genetically-modified organisms (GMOs), which have yet to demonstrate significant productivity gains or pesticide reductions for food producers and arguably raise risks of health or environmental harms for.
GM crops, Zilberman says, could produce higher yields, grow in dry and salty land, withstand high and low temperatures, and tolerate insects, disease and herbicides. Jen Christiansen Despite such promise, much of the world has been busy banning, restricting and otherwise shunning GM foods.
Nearly all the corn and soybeans grown in the U. Approval of a few new GM corn strains has been proposed there, but so far it has been repeatedly and soundly voted down. Throughout Asia, including in India and China, governments have yet to approve most GM crops, including an insect-resistant rice that produces higher yields with less pesticide.
In Africa, where millions go hungry, several nations have refused to import GM foods in spite of their lower costs the result of higher yields and a reduced need for water and pesticides.
Kenya has banned them altogether amid widespread malnutrition. No country has definite plans to grow Golden Rice, a crop engineered to deliver more vitamin A than spinach rice normally has no vitamin Aeven though vitamin A deficiency causes more than one million deaths annually and half a million cases of irreversible blindness in the developing world.
Globally, only a tenth of the world's cropland includes GM plants. Other Latin American countries are pushing away from the plants. And even in the U. In the U. The fear fueling all this activity has a long history.
The public has been worried about the safety of GM foods since scientists at the University of Washington developed the first genetically modified tobacco plants in the s.
In the mids, when the first GM crops reached the market, Greenpeace, the Sierra Club, Ralph Nader, Prince Charles and a number of celebrity chefs took highly visible stands against them.
Consumers in Europe became particularly alarmed: In Europe, skepticism about GM foods has long been bundled with other concerns, such as a resentment of American agribusiness.GMOs might reduce the environmental impact of food production and industrial processes: Genetically engineered resistance to pests and diseases could greatly reduce the chemicals needed for crop protection, and it is already happening.
Is GM food safe? What is the benefit of GM food? GM is one of the most important issues around the world. GM is food that has been altered through genetic engineering techniques; these techniques allow scientists to "cut and paste" DNA from one organism to another in order to create a new hybrid (History of genetics ).
Here are 7 pros and cons of genetically modified organisms. The cons win out. What is a genetically modified food (GMO), and is it safe to eat?
Here are 7 pros and cons of genetically modified organisms. The cons win out. Visit Health Store. GMOs: The Pros & Cons of Genetically Modified Food. July 9, (Updated: August 16, ).
The Truth about Genetically Modified Food. Proponents of genetically modified crops say the technology is the only way to feed a warming, increasingly populous world. Genetically modified foods have become a major concern and have caused controversy regarding both their health and environmental effects (2).
‘Using modern techniques of genetic engineering, it is possible to introduce specific genetic material derived from any species of plant, animal, or. Pros and Cons of Genetically Modified Food Essay The process is actually quite simple.
The experts take a gene from another plant or animal that has the desired trait,such as shrub that contains a natural pesticide.